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Life in Saint Petersburg
St. Petersburg, the former capital city of the Russian Empire for over 200 years, has always been a cultural and educational centre. One of the most beautiful cities in the world, St. Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great on the Gulf of Finland in the Neva delta in 1703. The city's unique history is reflected in its 18th-19th century avenues, palaces and parks. The streets of the Northern capital are a wonderful combination of different architectural styles.
The beautiful parks and palaces of St. Petersburg suburbs - Pushkin, Pavlovsk, Gatchina, Peterhof, Lomonosov, and the old part of Kronstadt - were included into the UNESCO world heritage list.
Saint-Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703, as a new capital of Russian Empire instead of Moscow. It was a capital for more than two hundred years (1713-1728, 1732-1918, minus time of board of Peter II when the capital status has for a short while returned to Moscow). The Russian Revolution of 1917 deprived the city of its status and the capital was finally moved to Moscow. Being Russia’s political and cultural centre for 200 years, Saint Petersburg is sometimes referred to in Russia as the Northern Capital. Due to its outstanding beauty, over its history it has also been referenced as «the Venice of the north» and the «northern Palmira». Saint Petersburg is not only Russia’s second largest city after Moscow, it is also a major European cultural centre, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea. Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The city was renamed 4 times. Founded as Saint Petersburg on May 27th, 1703, it carried its name until August 18th, 1914. Because of the World War I the original name was considered too «German-sounding» and the city was renamed to Petrograd which is a Russian translation of the former name. In 1924, January 26th, the city was given a new name — Leningrad, after Vladimir Lenin, and went under that name for 67 years, until in 1991,